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2008 - MX-5 - Engine

GENERATOR INSPECTION [LF]

CAUTION:

  1. Do not apply direct battery positive voltage to the generator terminal D, otherwise it could cause damage to the internal parts (power transistor) of the generator.

Generator Warning Light

1. Verify that the battery is fully charged.
2. Verify that the drive belt deflection/tension is correct. (See DRIVE BELT INSPECTION [LF].)
3. With the ignition switch turned to the ON position, verify that the generator warning light illuminates.
4. Verify that the generator warning light goes out after the engine is started.

Generator

Voltage
1. Verify that the battery is fully charged.
2. Verify that the drive belt deflection/tension is correct. (See DRIVE BELT INSPECTION [LF].)
3. Turn off all electrical loads.
4. Start the engine.
5. Verify that the generator rotates smoothly without any noise while the engine is running.
6. Measure the voltage at each terminal using a tester.

Current

NOTE:

  1. Since the charging current decreases rapidly after starting the engine, carry out the following procedure quickly, and read the maximum current value.

1. Verify that the battery is fully charged.
2. Verify that the drive belt deflection/tension is correct. (See DRIVE BELT INSPECTION [LF].)
3. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
4. Connect a tester, which can read 120 A or more, between generator terminal B and the wiring harness.
5. Connect the negative battery cable. (See BATTERY REMOVAL/INSTALLATION [LF].)
6. Turn off all electrical loads.
7. Start the engine.
8. Increase engine speed to 2,500 rpm.

NOTE:

  1. When the electrical load of the vehicle is low, the specified current will not be verified although the generator is normal. In this case, increase the electrical load (by turning on the headlight and leave it for a while, then discharge the battery or by similar methods) and recheck.

  2. When the generator itself or the ambient temperature are too high, the specified current cannot be verified. In this case, cool down the generator and recheck.

9. Turn the following electrical loads on and verify that the current reading increases more than the minimum value indicated below.
  1. If it is not as specified, go to the PCM and generator shearing inspection. (See GENERATOR INSPECTION [LF].)

  1. Headlights (high-beam)

  2. Blower motor (HI)

  3. Rear window defroster

  4. Brake light

PCM and generator shearing inspection
1. Connect the M-MDS to the DLC-2.

2. Inspect as follows:

Step

Inspection

Action

1

Measure the generator terminal B voltage when the electrical loads*1 are on and off.

15 V or more

Go to Step 2.

13—15 V

Normal*2

13 V or less

Go to Step 3.

2

Monitor the ALTT V PID using the M-MDS, or measure the voltage of PCM terminal 2AJ using a tester. Is the voltage between 13 and 15 V ?

Yes

Go to Step 4.

No

PCM input error.

3

Monitor the ALTT V PID using the M-MDS, or measure the voltage of PCM terminal 2AJ using a tester. Is the voltage between 13 and 15 V ?

Yes

Go to Step 5.

No

PCM input error.

4

Monitor the ALTF PID using the M-MDS, or calculate the duty value of the PCM terminal 2AI using an oscilloscope. Is the duty value 100 % ?

Yes

PCM input error.

No

PCM, generator, or both are not normal.

5

Monitor the ALTF PID using the M-MDS, or calculate the duty value of the PCM terminal 2AI using an oscilloscope. Is the duty value 0 % ?

Yes

PCM input error.

No

PCM, generator, or both are not normal.


*1
Headlights, blower motor, rear window defroster, and brake light.
*2
If the generator field coil duty value does not change when electrical loads (such as headlights, blower motor, rear window defroster, brake light) are on or off, inspection with discharged battery is needed.

Generator Inner Parts

Rotor
1. Measure the resistance between the slip rings using a tester.

2. Verify that there is no continuity between the slip ring and core using a tester.

3. Inspect the slip ring surface condition.
Stator coil
1. Verify that the continuity is as indicated in the table.

2. Verify that there is no continuity between the stator coil leads and core using a tester.

Brush
1. Inspect brushes for wear.

Brush spring
1. Measure the force of the brush spring using a spring pressure gauge.
2. Read the spring pressure gauge at the brush tip projection of 2 mm {0.079 in}.

Rectifier (Using an analog circuit tester)
1. Inspect for continuity of the diodes using an analog circuit tester.

Specification

Negative

Positive

Continuity

E

P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6

Yes

B

No

P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6

E

No

B

Yes


Rectifier (Using a digital circuit tester)
1. Inspect for continuity of the diodes using a digital circuit tester.
Specification

Negative

Positive

Continuity

E

P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6

No

B

Yes

P1, P2, P3, P4, P5, P6

E

Yes

B

No


Bearing
1. Inspect for abnormal noise, looseness, and sticking.



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